New Related Resources:
Images of the Past: History Blog During this activity your students will review many blogs entries. Then your students will write a historical blog about an event that took place in your community. Your students will also learn about the career of Jessie Yuill Sundstrom, whose papers, photographs and manuscript collection detail an incredible lifelong commitment to Black Hills history.
Winter Count Lesson Plans (Native American Studies) These lesson plans help students understand winter counts. Winter counts were pictographic historical records used by many Plains Indian Nations to maintain a communal memory and aid the groups' oral historians. Additional winter count resources.
Point of View: First & Third Person During this activity your students will practice writing using first person and third person points of view. They will learn how pronouns like I, me, my, mine, myself, we, us and ours are used to write first person point of view. They will also learn how pronouns like them, they, he, she, his, her, and theirs are used to write the third person point of view.
Things To Do
1. Print out the guided notes and distribute to class.
2. Watch Dakota Pathways Episode #10 and have the students complete
the guided notes.
3. Go online and complete the "Activity" (word search) and “Challenge”
4. Student glossary included.
5. There is a list of related links that would be helpful for student
6. Print out the crossword puzzle and distribute to class.
7. Class Activity – Events to Remember
1. Guided Notes
Guided Notes (Student)
Guided Notes - Answers (Teacher) (PDF)
2. Online Episode of Dakota Pathways Episode #10
3. Online games
a. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. The word search is found by clicking “Activity”. Answer key for word search.
b. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. The
online quiz is found by clicking “Challenge”.
a. Have the students access the main page of Dakota Pathways. We have
included a student glossary.
a. We have included an extensive list of related
sites. We preview each related site looking for adult content.
Unfortunately, we cannot find all of the inappropriate material on an
individual site. Please call us Toll Free at 1-800-456-0766 if you
find any questionable content and we will remove it. Thank you.
6. Crossword Puzzle
a. The students may use the vocabulary words and definitions for the
crossword puzzle if they need help.
Puzzle (PDF) -
7. Class Activity – Events to Remember.
Meaningful newsworthy events take place everyday. The events may make
worldwide headlines like the South Dakota Senate election of 2004 or
the tsunami, which devastated Asia in December of the same year.
Millions of lives can change in a few minutes. Events may be regional
like a basketball team winning a state tournament. We also find local
events like the Smiths visiting the O’donalds for a game of Hearts and
a piece of pie.
News events are presented to the public in many forms such as radio
bulletins, the 10 o’clock local news, and newspaper and magazine
articles. We will use newspaper and magazine articles in today’s
activities. The students will use articles to make a Native American
1. Old tee-shirt (white, tan or gray)
-A white dish towel, piece of cloth or piece of paper may be used if a
shirt is not available. The shirt would be better because the child
could wear the shirt during the presentation.
2. Scissors if using the dish towel or paper.
3. Web-site of symbols – I have included a web-site of typical
symbols, but I would suggest having the students make their own
symbols for more of a challenge. You can decide what works best for
4. Many newspaper and magazine articles - The activity is designed to
spark an interest in reading newspapers and magazines.
5. Permanent markers. (caution – huffing could be a concern)
-You may choose to use watercolor makers and paper instead. The choice
will depend upon the maturity of your group.
In class day 1:
1. Explain the function of a Winter Count. There are two web-sites
found in the “Links” section, which will be helpful. Traditionally a
Winter Count was an animal hide kept by an elder Native American. The
hide was used to record the major event of the season. The most
memorable event of the year would be chosen and then drawn on the
hide. Elders would use the hide as a visual aide as they told stories
about great hunts, horrible winters and new life.
2. The students need to choose an article that will be converted to a
Winter Count hide. The students should check their choice with you.
This will eliminate overlap of selections.
Home Project: (could be completed in class if you have time)
3. The students need to summarize the entire article with one
picture. They should take their time, including as much
visual detail as possible.
In class day 2:
4. Each student will present their hide in front of the class.
The tee-shirt would work great for this part of the activity.
5. The rest of the class must figure out the story with minimal
help from the presenter. The presenter may answer yes
and no type questions. The presentation is completed when
his or her story is revealed by the group.
6. The students should hand in their hide and article. You
should keep track of the amount of time needed for the
class to reveal the story.
FOURTH GRADE HISTORY STANDARDS
3. trace the history of South Dakota with emphasis on notable South
Dakotans such as Red Cloud,
Sitting Bull, John B. S. Todd, Fred T. Evans, Laura Ingalls Wilder,
James Scotty Philip, Niels E.
Hansen, Gertrude (Zitkala-Sa) Bonin, Peter Norbeck, and Francis Case;
impact of the gold rush;
controversy over statehood; and Indian Wars and reservation life.
FOURTH GRADE CIVICS STANDARDS
2. compare the changing roles and cultures of the individuals role
according to gender, age, and occupation in various groups, such as
family, community, and social class structure.
Full Script (PDF)